Metaphysics Archives - Simply Philosophy

Aristotle was the first to systematically lay out various living things in the world. According to him, they could be divided into three categories: plants, animals and rational beings (humans). Insofar as biology is concerned, human beings are animals. Therefore, there were two biological categories: plants and animals. Carl Linnaeus extended this knowledge to cover … Continue reading Taxonomy (Or Why Modern Biological Categories are Wrong) – Simply Philosophy

Stories & Philosophy – Simply Philosophy

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Stories are fun to read, a part of everyone’ s life and something that is interesting to discuss. Any philosophical analysis begins with a definition and a discussion of the existence of the topic, so I will start there. Stories are a connected series of event(s) involving at least one character. Anything that fits this … Continue reading Stories & Philosophy – Simply Philosophy

Essence and Existence – Simply Philosophy

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I have shown that there are two problems with universals and particulars. If there were a way to distinguish between individuals and universals, then there would be a solution to these problems. The distinction between an existence and an essence is such a thing. Each individual has a distinct existence but a universal has a … Continue reading Essence and Existence – Simply Philosophy

Being | Simply Philosophy

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It is self-evident that something exists. We know this simply from the fact that we are aware of something. Absolutely all of our knowledge entails this. When we speak of something that exists in general, we call that being. The two most fundamental questions in regards to being are what is it and why is … Continue reading Being | Simply Philosophy

Good and Evil: Illusion? | Simply Philosophy

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In my last post, I showed that there were three theories on just what good and evil were. Either ” good” and ” evil” are applied to something because of something in the thing or because of something in the person applying the label. If it is something in the thing, then it is either … Continue reading Good and Evil: Illusion? | Simply Philosophy

Recognition and Concept Formation | Simply Philosophy

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Recognition and Concept Formation In my last post on this series, I explained that thoughts are formed by having one part of our experiences represent other parts. This means that thoughts are just like words. In a different post I claimed that perception is not enough on its own to generate concepts. I also claimed … Continue reading Recognition and Concept Formation | Simply Philosophy

Thoughts | Simply Philosophy

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I had previously distinguished between words and concepts by showing that concepts necessarily represent what they are concepts of while words may always but never necessarily do so. This distinction allows us to determine if something is a word or a concept. In order to finish understanding what words and concepts are, we must examine … Continue reading Thoughts | Simply Philosophy

Representation | Simply Philosophy

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Representation Representation is when one thing is used in place of another. In any discussion on the nature of concepts, representation needs to be understood in order to understand the intentionality found in concepts. Things may be representations in two ways. The first way is when something is always a representation. These are called words. … Continue reading Representation | Simply Philosophy

Intentionality and Rational Action | Simply Philosophy

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Intentionality and Rational Action Previously I have shown that rationality is linked to the formation of concepts but not perception. In order to further understand the difference between rational intentionality and natural intentionality, I am going to investigate that other property of rational beings – rational action. Rational action is when a person makes an … Continue reading Intentionality and Rational Action | Simply Philosophy