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Sociology

Intelligent Design Theory

Intelligent design theory began with the publication of Behe’s book Darwin’s Black Box in 1996. Since then a number of other books have been published both for and against intelligent design. Wikipedia is especially unreliable  on this issue because accuracy requires reading the primary sources rather than secondary source commentaries. In fact, much of the secondary sources are polemical against ...

Distributing Political Power

Political power – the power to tax, enforce and write law – must be distributed across individuals. Each area of power may be distributed differently. There are two main actors: the government itself and the people who are governed. Within the government the same division exists as well. In Canada, the provinces are governed by the federal government and federal courts. There are two main ways of ...

Government and Power

I have discussed the two previous arguments for anarchism already and have explained by they both fail. This third argument does not fail in the usual sense. We know from experience that power corrupts, and the greater the power the greater the corruption. Government is a particular example of this. The problem with power is a problem that arises from the current condition of humanity. There is no...

Is Government Good?

I have given an argument previously for the conclusion that government is an institution that is impossible to avoid having. I have also claimed that there is a difference – at least commonly speaking – between a good government and a bad government. But even if we accept these things, it is still possible to claim that government is ultimately evil. There are also all of the moral arguments that ...

The Problem of Modern Universities

In my last post, I showed just some of the problems of the modern university. I also gave a brief mention of why these problems were so bad that the modern university is not functioning anywhere close to its intended purpose. But before we can offer any solutions to a problem, we must first be aware of the nature and scope of the problem. In order to do that, we must understand what the university...

Permitting Deception

In my previous post, I set out the basics on why lying is always immoral. But deception is permissible. In order to understand why lying is wrong, further understanding of deception is necessary. Determining when deception is permissible is a matter of justice. In order to act justly, deception may be necessary. But there are also other circumstances in which justice demands that deception not occ...

Ideology and the Modern University

In my last posts, I have discussed a number of problems in the modern university. Ideology is much different from these things. An ideology is a belief or system of beliefs that does not promote itself solely by argument. They do not belong in universities, nor should they influence universities. Ideology is present in modern universities in three ways: it opposes the expressions of certain opinio...

Problems of Free Speech in the Modern University

In my last post, I discussed the nature of free speech as it applied to the university. The modern university has several problems in this area. One of these problems is created by hate speech legislation and rules. While we all know that racism and anti-Semitism are false, the right to free speech does include the right to espouse these kinds of opinions. The best way to defeat racist opinions is...

Credentials

One of the purposes of the modern university is credentialing. Like any purpose, we need to understand whether or not the university is best suited for this kind of job. First, we need to determine what credentialing is, so we know what it requires. Once we know what it requires, we will be able to determine whether or not the university meets those requirements. Credentials can be understood in a...

The Science of Sociology

Sociology uses principles from the higher sciences of philosophy, natural science and psychology. Sociology is the science of artifacts – both material and immaterial. Material artifacts are such things as roads, computers and boats while immaterial artifacts include language, governments and laws. Sociology is distinct from the various productive sciences because the aim of this science is unders...

The Four Purposes of the Modern University

I have briefly examined the various uses that are made of the modern university. As I said earlier, the modern university has a purpose and that purpose is simply what it is being used for right now. Right now the university has four purposes: it is a credentialing institution, a research institution, an educational institution and a culture-forming institution. A university provides credentials t...

An Argument for Moral Pluralism

In a previous post, I explained that if goodness exists, then intrinsic goodness must exist and I gave an argument for that conclusion. I also explained that there are two views on intrinsic goodness. One view, moral monism, claims that there is only one category of intrinsic goodness. The other view, moral pluralism, claims that there is more than one category of intrinsic goodness. The question ...

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