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Knowledge

An exploration of the nature of knowledge, the various kinds of knowledge and the case for skepticism.

The Science of Theology

I am ending my series on knowledge by examining each form of theoretical knowledge in detail. Theology can be understood in two ways. It is either the science of existence or the science that begins with the testimony of God. Since the existence of God is not a matter that can be settled by the senses, theology begins by showing that God exists. Theology is the knowledge of God built on the testim...

The Science of Natural Science

I have already discussed the sciences of theology and philosophy, so the next highest science is natural science. Scientists in the modern era have appropriated the term ‘science’ as if it only applied to their activities or their activities are exemplars of science. Neither is true. Natural science is the study of material beings. Natural science is the study of material beings. By material being...

The Science of Psychology

So far, I have discussed theology, philosophy and natural science. Psychology is a science distinct from all these. Psychology is the science of rational activity. Natural science and psychology are distinct from each other. Natural science is about material objects and the changes that they undergo because of their material nature. But psychology need not be about material things. If immaterial o...

The Science of Sociology

Sociology uses principles from the higher sciences of philosophy, natural science and psychology. Sociology is the science of artifacts – both material and immaterial. Material artifacts are such things as roads, computers and boats while immaterial artifacts include language, governments and laws. Sociology is distinct from the various productive sciences because the aim of this science is unders...

The Science of History

History is the lowest science of all. It is also the starting point of any of the higher sciences. History is the science of particular things. It is not a demonstrative science nor can it be one. Aristotle gave this as the reason that history was not a science at all, but his reason is flawed. History is a science that studies particular things. While science and psychology may discuss humanity, ...

Skepticism

So far, I have discussed knowledge in general and in the various sciences. I have briefly mentioned skepticism when I discussed the difference between experiential, factual and theoretical knowledge, but I cannot really finish a series on knowledge without discussing skepticism. There are special and general forms of skepticism. The special forms of skepticism are all skepticism about knowledge. T...