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Self Evidence

Modernism and Concepts

I have briefly discussed the difference between sentences and definitions and explained how these were connected to concepts. But there are a number of objections resulting from a misunderstanding of the traditional position on these things. Modern philosophers tend to make a number of mistakes when trying to understand concepts. They tend to think of concepts as ” those behaviors, images an...

Learning Self-Evident Concepts

No one is born knowing any concepts. So all concepts must be learned. But some concepts are self-evident. So they are not learning by any process of reasoning. These concepts are learned through the senses, by self-reflection, through action or by some combination of these. Some self-evident concepts are learned through the senses. The concept red is learned the first time we see something red. We...

Sentences and Definitions

I have finished my discussion of self-evident concepts. Concepts do not do anything except refer to things in our experience. They must be combined in order to be of any use. There are exactly two ways to combine concepts. They may be combined as a definition or as a sentence. The difference between a definition and a sentence is that a definition is a concept and a sentence is not a concept. All ...

Sentences and Reasoning

I have shown that all self-evident sentences are true. But some sentences are not self-evident, even though they are true. These sentences are found by reasoning from self-evident sentences. Such reasoning can be either deductive or inductive. We determine whether or not a sentence is true by asking why that sentence is true. For self-evident sentences, the justification comes from the senses, ref...